Baccarat is a popular casino game with a long and storied history. In the game, players are dealt two hands, the Player Hand and the Banker Hand, which are then compared to determine the winner. Each hand is worth a certain number of points, with the highest score winning the game. The game of Baccarat is based on probability, and as such, it is possible to calculate the expected value of each hand. This article will discuss what is expected value in Baccarat and how it is used by experienced players.

## What is Expected Value?

Expected value (EV) is a term used in probability theory that describes the average outcome of a given situation. It is calculated by multiplying the probability of a certain outcome with its corresponding payoff. In the case of Baccarat, EV is the average amount of money one can expect to win per round, after taking into account the probability of each possible outcome.

## How to Calculate Expected Value in Baccarat?

Calculating expected value in Baccarat is relatively simple. First, the probability of each possible outcome must be determined. For example, the probability of a Banker hand winning is 0.458, and the probability of a Player hand winning is 0.442. The payoff for each of these outcomes must then be determined. In Baccarat, the payoff for a Banker hand win is 1.06, and the payoff for a Player hand win is even money (1.00).

Once the probability and payoff of each outcome has been determined, the expected value can be calculated by multiplying the probability of each outcome by its corresponding payoff. In the example above, the expected value of a Banker hand win would be 0.458 x 1.06 = 0.485. Similarly, the expected value of a Player hand win would be 0.442 x 1.00 = 0.442. Adding these numbers together gives us an expected value of 0.927.

## What is the House Edge in Baccarat?

The house edge in Baccarat is the advantage that the casino has over the players. It is calculated by subtracting the expected value from 1. In our example, the house edge would be 1 – 0.927 = 0.073 or 7.3%. This means that, on average, the casino will make a profit of 7.3% on each game of Baccarat. This is why it is important to understand expected value and the house edge when playing Baccarat.

## How Can Expected Value Be Used in Baccarat?

By understanding expected value, experienced players are able to make more informed decisions when playing Baccarat. For example, if a player knows the expected value of a Banker hand win is 0.485, they might decide to bet on the Banker hand more often than the Player hand. This decision can be further informed by taking into account the house edge, as well as the probability of each outcome.

## Conclusion

Expected value is an important concept in probability theory, and it is especially useful for understanding games like Baccarat. By calculating and understanding expected value, experienced players are able to make more informed decisions when betting on Baccarat. Additionally, understanding the house edge is also important, as it allows the player to assess their chances of winning and make more informed decisions.